The Creation Of The State Of Israel:
After the Second World War, the region became one of the scenarios of the Cold War: on the one hand, a Cairo-Damascus axis was developed, closer to the USSR, and, on the other, a more pro-Western camp, led by Saudi Arabia.
In 1947, the UN approved a plan for the partition of Palestine and the creation of two independent states, one Arab and one Jewish, with the city of Jerusalem under international control. A year later, in May 1948, David Ben Gurion proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. In May of 1948, the armies of the Arab League (made up of Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Transjordan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen) invaded Israel. The confrontation was decided in favor of the Israelis who, after the conflict, were occupying territories that, according to the division approved by the UN, corresponded to the Arab Palestine.
In 1956, the second Arab-Israeli war broke out as a result of the nationalization of the Suez Canal, undertaken by Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser. In 1967, the third confrontation broke out, the Six Day War, which culminated in the Israeli occupation of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the Golan and the West Bank.
Palestinian Resistance And Peace Negotiations:
Since the 1950s, different Palestinian armed groups were formed, for example, Fatah, which emerged in 1956. In 1963, Arab governments decided to create the Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (OLP). The PLO rejected the partition of Palestine in 1947, ignored the State of Israel and claimed the entire Palestinian territory. After the defeat of the Arabs in the 1967 war, Al Fatah gradually took control of the PLO.