A Small Country:
It touched the United Nations to reap the bitter fruit that had been maturing over the years, there in the Middle East, between the mountains and the sea. Palestine was a region of hot and bright skies, of green valleys, of swampy and desert areas. A part in which villages, rivers, and a small city bore names that reached the very ends of the Earth. Names that for centuries have been familiar even on the lips of children. The fruit that that land gave now, in the middle of the twentieth century, had matured and was about to fall if there was no hand to pull it out, it seemed that it was the hand of the United Nations that would pick it up since the Dessert had to be harvested.
AFTER THE CREATION of the State of Israel, in 1948, many Jews immigrated to the new territory. With the support of the wealth of the Jewish community, the Israelis quickly built a prosperous economy. Agriculture and industry were developed, and modern cities were built. The Arab territories, on the other hand, remained at levels of underdevelopment.
The FIRST CONFLICT The Arab states did not accept the legitimacy of the State of Israel. On May 15, 1948, the day after the proclamation of the new rule, the neighboring Arab countries began the attacks. Five states – Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, and Iraq – set out to restore the Palestinian territories. Israel was able to withstand all attacks while continuing to expand its area. The fighting remained until 1949 when a first ceasefire was agreed.